Mental Disorder

Signs And Symptoms

Estimate Description                                                     

Surveillance
System        

Estimate

ANXIETY DISORDERS
AGORAPHOBIA Intense fear and anxiety of any place or situation where escape might be difficult; avoidance of being alone outside of the home; fear

of traveling in a car, bus, orairplane, or ofbeing in a crowded area

Lifetime Prevalence in the United States

Among Youth (13 to 18 Years Old)

NCS-A 2.4% of youth

Lifetime Prevalence inthe UnitedStates AmongAdults

NCS-R 1.4% of adults
Average Age of Onset NCS-R 20 years old
GENERALIZED ANXIETY

DISORDER

Excessive worry about a variety of everyday problems for at least 6

months; may excessively worry about and anticipate problems with finances, health, employment, and relationships

Lifetime Prevalence in the United States

Among Youth (13 to 18 Years Old)

NCS-A 1.0% of youth

Lifetime Prevalence inthe UnitedStates AmongAdults

NCS-R 5.7% of adults
Average Age of Onset NCS-R 31 years old
OBSESSIVE COMPULSIVE

DISORDER (OCD)

Intrusive thoughts that produce anxiety

(obsessions), repetitive behaviors that are engaged in to reduce anxiety (compulsions), or a combination of both; unable to control anxiety-

producing thoughts andthe need toengage inritualized behaviors

Lifetime Prevalence inthe UnitedStates AmongAdults

NCS-R 1.6% of adults
Average Age of Onset NCS-R 19 years old
PANIC DISORDER Unexpected and repeated episodes of intense fear accompanied by physical symptoms that may include chest pain, heart palpitations, shortness         

of breath, dizziness, or abdominal distress

Lifetime Prevalence in the United States

Among Youth (13 to 18 Years Old)

NCS-A 2.3% of youth

Lifetime Prevalence inthe UnitedStates AmongAdults

NCS-R 4.7% of adults
Average Age of Onset NCS-R 24 years old
ANXIETY DISORDERS
POST- TRAUMATIC STRESS

DISORDER (PTSD)

Can developafterexposure to a terrifying event or ordeal(traumaticevents that may trigger PTSD include violent personal assaults,

  natural or human-caused disasters, accidents, and military combat), persistent frightening thoughts and memories of the ordeal, sleep problems      ,

feeling detached or numb, orbeing easily startled

Lifetime Prevalence in the United States

Among Youth (13 to 18 Years Old)    

NCS-A            4.0% of youth

Lifetime Prevalence inthe UnitedStates AmongAdults    

NCS-R 6.8% of adults
Average Age of Onset NCS-R 23 years old
SOCIAL PHOBIA A persistent, intense, andchronic fearof being watched andjudged

by others and feeling embarrassed or humiliated by their actions; this fear may be so severe that it interferes with work, school,

andotheractivities andmay negativelyaffect theperson’s ability to formrelationships

Lifetime Prevalence in the United States

Among Youth (13 to 18 Years Old)

NCS-A 5.5% of youth

Lifetime Prevalence inthe UnitedStates AmongAdults

NCS-R 12.1% of adults
Average Age of Onset NCS-R 13 years old
SPECIFIC PHOBIA Marked and persistent fear andavoidance ofa specific object or situation, such as afear ofheights,spiders, or flying Lifetime Prevalence in the United States

Among Youth (13 to 18 Years Old)

NCS-A 15.1% of youth

Lifetime Prevalence inthe UnitedStates AmongAdults

NCS-R 12.5% of adults
Average Age of Onset NCS-R 7 years old

 

MOOD DISORDERS

BIPOLAR DISORDER Recurrent episodes of highs (mania) and lows (depression) in mood, changes in energy and behavior, an extreme irritable     

or elevated mood, an inflated sense of self- importance, risky behaviors, distractibility, increased energy, and a

decreased need for sleep        

Lifetime Prevalence in the United States

Among Youth (13 to 18 Years Old)

N/A                 0–3% of youth

Lifetime Prevalence inthe UnitedStates AmongAdults

NCS-R 3.9% of adults
Average Age of Onset NCS-R 25 years old
MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE A period of two weeks or longer during which there iseitherdepressed

mood or loss of interest or pleasure, and at least four other symptoms that reflect a change in functioning, such as problems

with sleep, eating, energy, concentration, self-image or recurrent thoughts of death or suicide

Lifetime Prevalence in the United States

Among Youth (12 to 17 Years Old)

NSDUH 12.8% of youth

Lifetime Prevalence inthe UnitedStates AmongAdults

NSDUH 6.7% of adults
Average Age of Onset N/A N/A27
OTHER MENTAL DISORDERS
ATTENTION- DEFICIT/ HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER

(ADD/ADHD)

Inattention or difficulty staying focused; hyperactivity or constantly being in motion or talking; impulsivity,

meaning often not thinking before acting

Lifetime Prevalence in the United States

Among Youth (13 to 18 Years Old)

NCS-A 9.0% of youth

Lifetime Prevalence inthe United States Among Adults

NCS-R 8.1% of adults
Average Age of Onset NCS-R 7 years old
SCHIZOPHRENIA Hearingvoices orbelieving that others aretrying

to control or harm the person; hallucinations and disorganized speech and behavior, causing individuals

to feel frightened, anxious, and confused

12-month Prevalence in the United States Among Adults ECA 1.1% of adults

 

OTHER MENTAL DISORDERS
PERSONALITY DISORDERS                                               Difficultiesdealing withother people and participating in social activities; inflexibility, rigidity, and inability to                         

respond to change; deeply ingrained,inflexiblepatterns of relating, perceiving, and thinking

that cause distress or impaired functioning

12-month Prevalence in the United States Among Adults    DSM-IV         9.1% of adults